Is Tonga a rich or poor country?

The poverty rate in Tonga is 22.1 percent; in other words, one out of every five Tongans lives below the poverty line. Among the eight nations in the Pacific region, Tonga has the third lowest poverty rate, proceeded by the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu.

What is the main export of Tonga?

Tonga’s main exports are fish and agricultural produce. Major export partners are New Zealand, the US, Hong Kong (China), Japan and Australia. Main imports are fuel, meat, machinery, equipment and vehicle.

What is Tonga famous for?

The Pacific Ocean Ok, so the Pacific Ocean is quite a big place, but we mention it as Tonga is arguably most famous for its whale swimming experiences. It’s one of the only places in the world where you can legally swim with humpback whales.


Who does Tonga belong to?

The Kingdom of Tonga was a protected state of the United Kingdom until 1970. It is the South Pacific’s last Polynesian kingdom, a constitutional hereditary monarchy.

What do people in Tonga do to make money?

Agriculture is the mainstay of the Tongan economy. Squash, coconuts, bananas, and vanilla beans constitute the main cash crops, and other important crops include yams, taro, cassava, corn (maize), watermelons, pineapples, breadfruit, limes, and tomatoes.

Is Tonga considered a Third World country?

Tonga has few resources and poor access to world markets. Like other Third World countries dependent on primary products, Tonga is forced to be a price taker in markets it operates in. Despite all this, Tonga’s accounts are in a state that would be the envy of many First World countries.

What natural resources does Tonga have?

Tonga’s natural resources include fish, fertile soil, and agricultural crops such as bananas, coffee and vanilla beans, coconuts, squash, black pepper, ginger, and copra.

Is Tonga a developing or developed country?

A former British protectorate, Tonga became fully independent in 1970, though it was never formally colonised. With tropical beaches, rainforests and active volcanoes, it has a developing tourist industry. Tonga has a small, open economy that is vulnerable to external shocks.

What are the main industries in Vanuatu?

Overview of the Vanuatu Economy This South Pacific island economy is based on the primary sectors agriculture, forestry and fishing, which provide a living for the majority of Vanuatu’s population. Offshore financial services and tourism are other mainstays of the economy.

What is Tongan nationality?

Nearly the entire population is of Polynesian ancestry. Tongans are closely related to Samoans and other Polynesians in culture and language as well as in genetic heritage. There is also a small amount of Melanesian influence through contact with Fiji.

Who discovered Tonga?

The first Europeans arrived in 1616, when the Dutch explorers Willem Schouten and Jacob Le Maire spotted Tongans in a canoe off the coast of Niuatoputapu, and the famous Abel Tasman followed soon after.

What religion is the King of Tonga?

Missionaries arrived and persuaded King George Tupou I to convert to Christianity; he ordered and strictly enforced that all Tongans become Christian and no longer practice the ancient polytheistic religion with its supreme god Tangaloa.

What does Tupou mean in Tongan?

Their son Ngata would receive the title and serve as the 1st Tu’i Kanakupolu [meaning the Heart of Upolu honoring his mother’s island]. Ngata’s personal god was known as Taliai Tupou and the name “Tupou” was adopted by many Tu’i Kanakupolu rulers and is now always affixed to the name of the reigning sovereign.

Who are Tonga’s allies?

Tonga, by a modification of its treaty of friendship with the United Kingdom in July 1970, is responsible for its own external affairs. It maintains cordial relations with most countries and has close relations with its Pacific neighbours and the United Kingdom.

Has Tonga ever been Colonised?

A former British protectorate, Tonga became fully independent in 1970, although it was never formally colonised. Tonga has no strategic or mineral resources, and relies on agriculture, fishing and the money sent home by Tongans living abroad, many of them in New Zealand.

What is the literacy rate in Tonga?

In 1996, the adult literacy rate of Tonga was 98.5 percent. That number has now risen to 99.0 percent in 2018, making Tonga one of the leaders of adult literacy of the nations in the Pacific.

Where did the Tonga speaking people come from?

Tonga, Bantu-speaking people who inhabit the southern portion of Zambia and neighbouring areas of northern Zimbabwe and Botswana.

What is the most developed country in the world?

The United States was the richest developed country on Earth in 2019, with a total GDP of $21,433.23 billion. China was the richest developing country on Earth in 2019, with a total GDP of $14,279.94 billion.

What are the main religions in Tonga?

According to the last official census in 1996, membership by percentage of population of major religious groups was: Free Wesleyan Church of Tonga, 41 percent; Roman Catholic Church, 16 percent; Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons), 14 percent; Free Church of Tonga, 12 percent; and all other groups, 17 …

Is Tonga its own country?

Tonga became an independent and sovereign nation within the British Commonwealth on June 4, 1970. He resigned as U.S. Ambassador to Tonga shortly thereafter in January 1973.

Did Tonga rule the Pacific?

Tui Tonga ruled over much of the South Pacific including the rule over Sāmoa for an estimated 400-500 years. In addition to the Tongan empire, Tonga was apart of a trade network between Fiji, Tonga and Sāmoa.


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